Government of India announced it’s first ever National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in June 2008 to identify measures and steps to advance climate change-related actions in its domestic sphere. One of the eight missions is the Green India Mission (GIM), which was ‘launched to enhance eco-system services including carbon sinks to be called Green India.’ This paper highlights the international political agenda motivating the agenda of the Mission as well as how it impacts communities, forest governance and therefore access to forest rights.
The Indian forests are home to around 100 million people and provide sustenance to them. The paper traces the impacts of Indian forest polices, legislations on rights of communities and its links to conservation in the pre- colonial and post independent India. Within the existing framework of national forest laws, the paper puts the rights of the communities into perspective with international policies including Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). It discusses who would benefit the most from REDD. This paper has been published by the Global Forest Coalition in their publication titled “REDD Realities: How strategies to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation could impact on biodiversity and Indigenous Peoples in developing countries”.
EQUATIONS strongly urges that the carbon neutral myth needs to be questioned as more and more destinations hop on to 'feel good' certification and offset schemes and call themselves earth lungs. There is enough research to show that these are false solutions and, worse still, are at the expense of examining the larger, systemic changes that we need to bring about in our industries and economies.