Development as a concept is complex and eludes any definitive definition. The evolution of development process had several stages. It began with economic growth and then social, cultural and political rights became a critical component of the development process. The ideas of sustainability and development as enlarging people’s choices were added to the concept of development process. The United Nations Development Programmes’ (UNDP’s) current definition of Human Development includes the dimensions of empowerment, cooperation, equity, sustainability and security. Layered on to this are ideas of dignity and justice – often spoken of in the language of human rights and social justice. Political governance frameworks have also had an intersection with development – ideas such as democracy being more in tune with overall development than dictatorship and now participatory democracy contributing more to development than representative democracy.

Local Regions/Cities
Philippines, Hong Kong