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- Key Interventions
Here you can find the Key Interventions (Campaigns, Events and Other Interventions) related to this State. These can be sorted year wise. On clicking a Title, you can read online and download the respective Key Intervention.
Here you can find Resources (Papers, Publications and Presentations) linked to this State. These can be sorted year wise. On clicking a Title, you can read online and download the respective Resource. Please do acknowledge EQUATIONS when quoting from or using these resources in any manner.
EQUATIONS' work across many parts of India has been in the areas of awareness building, research, campaign and advocacy by identifying issues related to tourism and establishing strong network alliances to work on tourism issues. EQUATIONS has attempted to respond to requests and support local groups in their endeavour for a form of tourism that is people-centred, equitable, just and sustainable.
In late 2006, the 'Mountain Shepherds Initiative', a community owned and operated ecotourism venture, was formerly inaugurated in the vicinity of the 'Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve' in the North Indian state of Uttarakhand. The 'Mountain Shepherds' story begins in Lata, a village situated in the Niti Valley of the high Himalayas. Born out of social struggle of the 'Chipko (early 1970s)' and 'Jhapto Cheeno (late 1990s)' movements and more recent efforts by the 'Nanda Devi Campaign', it is a people’s effort to reclaim peoples' land and forest rights.
In November 2000, when the new state of Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal as it was formerly called) was carved out of the Uttar Pradesh hills, people of the Niti Valley which forms the Western boundary of the 'Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve', hoped to establish for themselves their cultural identity, decisions on appropriate development and local control of resources.
Tourism was considered as a key sector for development. While there were many twists and turns to the permissions and extent of tourism permissible in the Reserve and Sanctuary over a history of over 50 years, the communities of 'Nanda Devi' believed that they should play a key role in this process. This gave birth to the 'Nanda Devi Campaign' in Lata Village. On October 14, 2001, the community members of Niti Valley issued the progressive 'Biodiversity Conservation and Ecotourism Declaration' to guide its future endeavours and held a workshop elaborating their community-based ecotourism proposals. The 'Nanda Devi Declaration' attempts to achieve a new relationship between tourists and local communities based on equity and mutual learning. EQUATIONS was privileged to be part of this process.
Since 2001, EQUATIONS has had a series of valuable engagements with the 'Campaign' and 'Mountain Shepherds' Initiative where we have contributed and learnt. We are in the process of working with them in developing a baseline survey / monitoring framework of their activities that will focus on sustainability and responsibility issues. In 2008, through a collaborative project coordinated by African Safari Lodge (ASL) Foundation and EQUATIONS, we looked at community based efforts in nature based tourism. The 'Mountain Shepherds Initiative' was one of the three case studies that were taken up as a part of this project. The study attempted to understand the particular context and history of the initiative – what set of factors led to their genesis and what they set out to achieve, the economic, social and environmental aspects of the project and future challenges.
Recognising the intensive tourism focus by both the Tourism and Forest Departments in Uttarakhand, we are in the process of developing a status paper on tourism developments along the Bhagirathi River. Apart from this, we have now begun to engage with local people in other parts of the state. Consultations at Ramnagar and Rishikesh in February 2009, brought together people’s views on ecotourism development in the state, their perspective on its impacts, focus on issues of rights and conflicts with ecotourism. In Ramnagar and Rishikesh, discussions revolved around the larger struggles and campaigns in the state, tourism’s role in development, environmental impact of tourism in and around national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
Click on the ‘Resources’ tab above to read Uttarakhand related papers, publications and presentations.
Click on the ‘Key Interventions’ tab above to know about Uttarakhand related campaigns, events and interventions.