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Unaccounted For
July 12, 2017

Unaccounted For

A Complilation of Studies on Guides, Artisans And Street Vendors in Tourism

The economy of India is known forthe presence of informal or unorganised labour employment to a great extent. About 85 per cent of the working people (400 million)  in India are working in the unorganised sectors, of which, 120 million are females[https://talkitover.in/consultation/preventing-sexual- harassment/how-secure-arewomen- working-in-the-unorganised-sectors (retrieved 2016)].

Major proportions of the unorganised workers are employed in the agricultural sector, construction industry, textile industry and home-based jobs. In India, a large proportion of the workforce is still dependent on the agricultural sector (48.9 per cent employment share in 2011-12, which reduced further to 47.3 percent in 2015-16). The share of workers in the unorganised sector fell from 86.3% in 2004-05 to 82.2% in 2011-12. The share of contract labour in organized manufacturing increased from 15.6% at the end of the 1990s to 34.7% in 2011-12 because of a greater use of contract and other forms of casual labour. 79% of non-agricultural wage workers had no written contract and only 23.8% were eligible for social security benefits. India has amongst the lowest women’s labour force participation rates (LFPR)in the world. Not only are women’s participation rates low, but has also been owing a declining trend since 2004- 05. Women’s LFPR dropped from 42.7% in 2004-05 to 31.2% in 2011- 12. The latest data from the Labour Bureau indicates a further decline in the participation rate of women in 2015-16 (27.4%). Participation rates are even lower in urban areas and among educated women.1The Economic Survey of India 2017 estimates that the magnitude of inter-state migration required? As it is e s of India in India was close to 9 million annually between 2011 and 2016, while Census 2011 pegs the total number of internal migrants in the country (accounting for inter- and intra-state movement) at a staggering 139 million.21.2

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Class code: D90

Keywords: Equitable Tourisam Options, Tourism, Tourism Impacts, India, Unorganised Sector, Guides, Artisans, Street Vendors, Labour, Employment, Jobs, EQUATIONS