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ICZMP To Support Eco-Tourism Through Heritage Conservation In Coastal Orissa
June 16, 2011
ICZMP To Support Eco-Tourism Through Heritage Conservation In Coastal Orissa


16 June 2011

Orissa is known for its rich and diverse cultural heritage that includes cherished built heritage, intangible heritage like universally acclaimed music and dance forms, and unique intricate traditional skills and crafts. As, over the decades the identity of the State of Orissa and her people had intertwined with the heritage, the Government of Orissa is actively promoting conservation of this rich and diverse cultural heritage.

With the aim of conservation, the Government of Orissa planned to renovate and conserve eight heritage properties currently in different stages of ruin, along the coast. This special initiative is a part of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project, which is being implemented in Orissa along with Gujrat and West Bengal with support from the World Bank.  Orissa is taking the lead in conserving built heritage sites within the overall context of coastal management program, so as to be able to link social and environmental benefits from such conservation, and also to create models that could be replicated in the entire country.

The plan was shared in a State Level Workshop on Community Livelihood Opportunities from Conservation and Enhancement of Maritime Built Heritage, organized at Bhubaneswar on Thursday, 16th June 2011. The one day state level workshop was inaugurated by Shri Naveen Pattnaik, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Orissa. Shri Pattnaik emphasized on the conservation of built cultural heritage sites and sustaining livelihood activities through community participation. He also mentioned that with the technical inputs from the experts from Italy, the state museum would be upgraded to a world class one.

The workshop was organized by Orissa State Archaeology and Department of Tourism & Culture in collaboration with the LASA-INTACH and ICZM Project, Orissa.

The workshop was also attended by the Italian Ambassador to Government of India, Minister of Tourism & Culture, Government of Orissa and Task team leader of the World Bank and other key officials.

A special consultancy with funding support from with help from “Italian Trust Fund for Culture and Sustainable Development”, was undertaken to identify opportunities to promote local economic development connected to conservation of the built heritage and to promote linkages with conservation of traditional stone craft and enhancement of the State Museum at Bhubaneswar by LASA – INTACH consortium being facilitated by The World Bank.
The study recommended major participation of local communities of the heritage sites through formation of village level heritage committee to manage heritage-tourism activities.

This will lead to strong involvement of the community in integrating heritage tourism and community livelihood. Different livelihood activities like tourist guide, food kiosk, paid hospitality, public conveyance, boat making, sailing of local arts and handicrafts near the sites will be promoted through heritage tourism. The study also recommended formation of stone craft academy to preserve traditional stone craft techniques, to identify and train a group of craftsmen to work on temples and heritage buildings in consonance with State Dept of Culture and Archaeology, to build up marketing networks. Capacity building programme through different technical trainings, exposure visits and institutional support for the identified villagers are also suggested in the study.

The eight significant heritage sites earmarked for restoration and tourism promotion are Bhaba Kundaleswar Temple of Manikpatna and Baliharchandi Temple in Puri district, Harihardeva Temple of Nairi in Khurda district, Potagada Fort, British Cemetry of Ganjam and Bateswar Temple of Kantiagada in Ganjam district, Jagannath Temple of Pentha and Jamboo Colonial Building in Kedrapara district.

The Honourable Minister Tourism & Culture mentioned that the new approach would pave the way for heritage tourism in the State and would generate ample scope for employment.
The Honorable Minister Environment & Forest mentioned that the capacity building of the local community would be crucial for the success of the project.

Dr. Aurobindo Behera, Principal Secretary, Forest & Environment, Shri Ashok Kumar Tripathy, Principal Secretary, Tourism & Culture, also spoke on this occasion.
Ugo ASTUTO, Deputy Chief of Mission of the Italian Embassy and Ms Giovanna Prennushi, Economic Advisor of the World Bank, also spoke on this occasion.

 “The local committees are formed in the heritage sites to encourage local participation in this unique heritage conservation project. Several rounds of village level workshops are organized for community consultation and sharing of best practices of cultural conservation, “said Dr. Ajit Kumar Pattnaik, Project Director of ICZMP – Orissa.

The preservation and restoration work would be implemented in next five years and Rs.7.41cr will be spent on this component as per the ICZMP plan. Preservation of cultural heritage and monuments along coastal stretch will be undertaken through the involvement of experts like LASA-INTACH. The work will undertake the structural conservation, chemical conservation, environmental up-gradation and illumination of the monuments. Primarily, the aesthetic and grand classic look of the monuments and the cultural sites will be maintained. Any contemporary work and intervention will be avoided to preserve the historical and physical integrity of the cultural property. The monuments are selected on the basis of their architectural, sculptural, historical and religious importance among the 160km coastal zone of the ICZMP pilot project area.

The Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project – ICZMP, a joint initiative of the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Government of India, the World Bank and Government of Orissa is being implemented on pilot basis in the state of Orissa. The primary objective of the ICZM Project is to develop an integrated approach to coordinate activities of various government agencies & departments for the sustainable management and usages of coastal resources maintaining the natural environment. The Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Project in Orissa is being implemented through 10 State Government Departments acting as Project Executing Agencies (PEAs).


The Shaivite temple is situated in Manikpatna village close to the new sea mouth of the Chilika Lake. The temple is a State protected monument and covered under Orissa Monuments Preservation Act, 1956. The temple is a part of a larger piligrimage route linked with the Jagannath temple at Puri. The temple marks the site of the blessing to the Gajpati Purushottamadeva on his famous Kanchi-Kaberi expedition. The legendary Manika, a milkmaid from the village, believed to offer curds to Lord Jagannatha and Balabhadra at the temple sites. The folk-lore suggests Lords are part of the royal army to bless the Gajpati. 

HARIHARADEVA  TEMPLE at Sanannairi, Khorda

This twin temple of Shiva and Vishnu is a State protected monument and covered under Orissa Monuments Preservation Act 1956. As the legend goes during the campaign of Kalapahar, the invader, when the Jagannatha temple at Puri was desecrated, the images are believed to have been brought here and hidden on an island, which is about 10minute boat ride away. They were also kept in the Harihar temple for some time.


The construction of the unique star shaped fort was commenced in 1768 by Cotsword. The adjoining Cemetery contains interesting monuments in form of tomb stones. The French were the earlier settlers in this place who were later driven away by the British. The local folklore is that the site was under a curse and therefore an epidemic broke. The fort was surrounded by a moat.

The cemetery is one of the earliest one of British Administrators and comprise tombstones with spire like monuments in masonry.


The Shakti temple, 800meter away from the sea coast is under the State Preservation Act of 1956. The Bakiharichandi temple is 27km from Puri and linked through ritual and patronage, to the Jagannatha Temple complex at Puri. There are multiple stories about inception of this temple. The Goddess is believed to have killed Kalapahar at the temple spot. The temple also marks the spot where Indra’s Vajra, Shiva’s Trishul and his anger, in the form of the fire (Agni), as well as the wind and the sea come together.

OLD BUILDING at Jamboo, Kendrapara

The structure is a nineteenth century building that had been used for administrative purposes and cyclone shelter by the British.

STATE MUSEUM, Bhubaneswar

LASA –INTACH consortium; have developed the master plan of the State Museum with the inputs from the experts including the Italian experts. The inputs from Italy would certainly help to make our State museum world class.